CONVERSION FOR FILMLOOK®, PART 2
What works better in standards conversion, 24 fps simulation or 30 fps simulation?
FILMLOOK is constantly researching the best way to make your production look its best, even when converting to another television standard. Through cooperation of the engineers at International Video Conversions (IVC) in Burbank, we have uncovered some new information that will be helpful when shooting your video and processing through FILMLOOK.
When a theatrical motion picture is telecined, it undergoes a "3:2 pull down" process that allows 24 fps film to be recorded on NTSC video (60 fields/second). Each frame of film is scanned for either 3 or 2 fields of video, thus we are filling 60 fields of video with 24 frames of film each second. This 3:2:3:2 progression continues for the duration of the feature. If the feature is sent through the D.E.F.T. or TK 3:2 converter (these converters are designed exclusively for converting film originated programming) the PAL playback will display each film frame on each PAL video frame. The result is a PAL conversion that is virtually identical to a PAL film transfer--it has no motion artifacts, blurred fields or soft cuts that plague ordinary four field conversions. The process has been oversimplified here, but generally you acquire excellent results when converting in this manner. There is, however, a 4% reduction in running time. This run time change is due to the 24 fps film (or 24 fps FILMLOOK) running at 25 fps - the PAL video frame rate. Because of this type of conversion, our 24 fps simulation rate can yield a PAL conversion that is quite acceptable. There still will be some imperfections: When a FILMLOOK 24 fps simulation is created it will not necessarily have cuts that coincide with the 2 field or 3 field groups (simulated film frames). Also, if a film program such as a made for TV movie or situation comedy is electronically posted (not cut from a film negative) it will have the same non-coincident cuts. The convertor that is anticipating a 2:3 sequence will automatically revert to a standard four field conversion process (some blurs or soft cuts) when the 2:3 is discontinuous. It may take a few frames or more for the converter to recognize the new 3:2 pull down, but once the pattern is re-established the special conversion resumes. At 24 fps, FILMLOOK will yield a 3:2 pattern very similar to an electronically posted film transfer. Acceptability of an electronically posted film production or a FILMLOOK transfer converted this way is very good, but not guaranteed and may vary from country to country. A brief test is recommended to determine what will work best to avoid rejection with foreign distribution. Also, if a 24 fps FILMLOOK version is not made, the 30 fps version can be converted but it will show more soft cuts, dissolves, and typical conversion artifacts. This may or may not be acceptable which makes testing/approval all the more important. In some cases making two FILMLOOK versions may be justifiable. Please consult FILMLOOK before you begin your production.
FILMLOOK IN SPACE
VALENCIA - The ABC Saturday morning sci-fi series "Hypernauts" is an action adventure space saga currently being shot in video and processed with FILMLOOK.
"Hypernauts," from the creators of "Babylon 5," features a crew of young cadets and aliens battling a malevolent empire while trying to return to earth after a freak accident sent their ship into another part of the universe. The series features impressive computer generated images and segments that were shot in video specifically for processing in FILMLOOK. The series premiered in primetime on ABC then was launched into its regular Saturday morning slot.
DANA CARVEY "PUMPED ON FILMLOOK"
NEW YORK - "The Taco Bell Dana Carvey Show" has called upon FILMLOOK to process several segments for the show, including "Stupid Pranksters," about two inept practical jokesters and "Animal Testers," a spoof on positive spin pieces for firms that utilize animals for research. "The Dana Carvey Show" airs Tuesdays on ABC.
ALIENS TOUCH DOWN ON FILMLOOK
NEW YORK - Jim Henson and ABC Productions have teamed up to create "Aliens in the Family," a family sitcom that was shot entirely in video and processed in FILMLOOK. The series centers on the exploits of the Brodys, a half-human, half-alien family and their adventures in "Brady Bunch" suburbia. "Aliens in the Family" is the first Jim Henson Production to use the FILMLOOK process. The series airs Fridays following "Muppets Tonight" on ABC.
OINGO BOINGO FILMLOOK
LOS ANGELES - The legendary rock group Oingo Boingo is no more, but their final concert lives on in video as a three hour rockumentary processed in FILMLOOK.
The video features rare early Oingo Boingo film and video footage along with the processed concert and backstage interviews shot at their last concert at Universal Studios this past Halloween. The farewell concert video was supervised by Engel Entertainment and composer Danny Elfman to achieve a grained-out 16mm documentary look.
SHADOW ON FILMLOOK
MEXICO CITY - Televisa used FILMLOOK to process their latest telenovella for American television: "The Shadow." Designed for syndication in the States, the 70 episode series is a show centering on a family with a mysterious and fiery past. The telenovella is produced in Mexico City with location shooting in San Diego. "The Shadow" is currently being shown in selected U.S. markets with potential nationwide syndication.
HBO AND FILMLOOK GOOD SPORTS
NEW YORK - HBO Sports used FILMLOOK to process a documentary, focusing on the history of African Americans in sports. The two part series "Journey of the African American Athlete," is an in-depth examination of the opportunities, as well as the exploitations afforded to African Americans in boxing, football, basketball and other sports.
The interview segments featuring such legends as Jim Brown and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar were shot in video then processed under direct supervision by HBO Sports. "Journey of the African American Athlete" aired in February on HBO.
HARD BOILED FILMLOOK
ATLANTA - Turner Classic Movies is currently celebrating the role of the gangster movie in American cinema with "Gangsters, Inc." Each movie is preceded with a segment starring "wise-guy" Frank Vincent, which is shot in video then processed in FILMLOOK.
The processed segments capture the film-noire and snappy dialogue of such classics as "White Heat," "Public Enemy" and "G-Men," with added bits of trivia and history on these groundbreaking films. "Gangsters, Inc." aired during the winter season on TCM.
AND NOW A WORD FROM FILMLOOK
Ad agencies and products recently processed in FILMLOOK...(Bozell Worldwide)-Bristol-Myers' Ban Clear...(Opticus)--Mt. Sinai Memorial Parks...(Creative Images)--Toyota Motor Co...(auto show presentation)...(DJM)--Tyco Toys...(NBC On Air Promotions)--Gulliver's Travels with Ted Danson...(Omega Productions)--1-800-Bar None...(McCann Erickson)--McDonnell Douglas...(Disneyland Advertising)--Toy Story at Disneyland....(Sound Gems)--Nassau's Furniture...(Shooting Star)--Chevy Lumina.
REMEMBER THE FILMLOOK
HOLLYWOOD - Greystone Communications has produced "The Alamo," a documentary for The History Channel that was recorded in video and processed in FILMLOOK. The 90-minute documentary focuses on the history of this pivotal event in Texas history through interviews with historians and battle recreations. The documentary is currently available on video through The History Channel.
NICK'S WOO IN FILMLOOK
ORLANDO - The popular Nickelodeon series "The Mystery Files of Shelby Woo" features clues, danger, intrigue, and video processed in FILMLOOK. The production is shot at Universal Studios Florida.
The series follows Shelby, the always inquisitive junior detective who offers clues to sharp-eyed viewers. The mysteries are solved in 30 minutes or less. Shelby Woo is now airing on Nickelodeon.